|n|a|t|u|r|a|l|m|e|n|t |u|n| |r|u|i|d|o||e|n|t  d|o||e|e| 
|l|a| |p|r|e|r|u|i|d|s|e|n|c|   |n| |u|n| |r|u|i|d|o||e|n|t|e||l|a| |p|r|er|u|i|d|"|n|a|t|u|r|
a|l|m |e|n|c|i|a|et|e 
||n|at|u|r|a|l|m|e|n|t|e| |l|a| |p||l|a| |p|re|s|e|n|c|i|a |d|e |un| |r|u|i|d|r|o||e|   |l|a| 
|p|r|e|s|e|n|c|i|a| |d|e| |u|n| |r|u|i|d
 +++ + + + + + + + + + ++ * *+ * + + + - 
    + - _ : : : + + +++ + + + + +
|q|u|i|e|n 
    |e|l| |«|me|n|s|a|je|-|r|el|o|j|»| |s|i|g|n|i|f|i|c|a| o|t|r|a| ||
|c|o|s|a.| |P|e|r|o| s|i| |e|s|t|o| e|s| |a|s||í, 
    t|a|m|p|o|c|o| |e|s| c|i|e|r|t|o| ||q|u|e| |l|a |a|c|c|i|ó|n| |s|o|b|r|e| |l|a| |f|or|m|a|
 |y| |s|o|b|r|e| |e|l| |c|o|nt|e|n|i|d|o|
 |
|d|e|l| |m|e|n|s|a|j|e| |p|u|e|d|a |mo|d|i|f|i|c|a|r| |a| |q|u|i|e|n| |l|o| |re|c|i|b|e
|; |d|e|s|d|e |e|l| |m|o|me|n||t|o| |e|n| |q|u||e| q||u|ie||n
 
    |r|e||c|i|b|e| |e|l| |m|e|n|s|a|j|e |p|a|r|e|c|e| |t|e|n|e|r| |u|n|a| |l|ib||er|t|a|d| |r|e
s|i|d|u|a|l|:| |l|a| |d|e| |l|e|e|r|l|o| |d|e| m|o|d|o|
 
    di|f|e||re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c||h|o| |«|d|i|fe|r|e|n|t|e|»| |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v||o|c|a|do|»|.. 
    |U|n|| b|re|ve| |e|x|a|m|e|n| de| |l|a 1m|e|c|á|n||ic|a| m|i|s|m|a| |d|e| l|a|| c|o|
m|u|n|i|c|a|c|i|ó|n| |n|o|s| 
|| | | | |p|u|e||d|e| d|e|c|i|r| ||a|lg|o| |m|á|s| |p|r|e|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| e|s|t|e
| |a|r|g|um|e|n|t|o|.| |L|a| |c|a|d|e|n|a| |co|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|va|
| |
   | |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|ue|,|| |me|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|
|i|s|o|r|,| |e|mi|t|e| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |
|
| ||   t||ra|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n| |c|a|n|a|l|.| A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|
m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e |t|r|||a|||||||n|s|f|o|r|m|a 
 | | | |e|n| |m|e|n|s|a|j|e| |p|a|r|a| u|s|o| |d|e|l|
 |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|r|i|o|||| a |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n| |r|e|c|e|p|t|o|r|.|
 E|s|t|a 
    cadena de comunicación normal prevé naturalmente la presencia 
    du|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
    |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
    u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
    |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n 
    |c|a|n|a|l|.| |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| 
    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
    |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é 
    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|||l|e|e|r|l|o| 
    |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
    |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
    |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
    |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
    |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
    u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
    |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n 
    |c|a|n|a|l|.| |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| 
    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
    |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é 
    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|orir 
    u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
    |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
    u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
    |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n 
    |c|a|n|a|l|.| |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| 
    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
    |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é 
    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|||l|e|e|r|l|o| 
    |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
    |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
    |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
    |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
    |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
    u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
    |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n 
    |c|a|n|a|l|.| |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| 
    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
    |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é 
    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o
 
    ++ + + ++
|l|e|e|r|l|o| |d|e| |m|o|d|o 
    |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
    |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
    |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
    |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
    |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
    u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
    |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n 
    |c|a|n|a|l|.| |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| 
    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
    |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é 
    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|||l|e|e|r|l|o| 
    |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
    |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
    |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
    |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
    |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
    u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
    |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n 
    |c|a|n|a|l|.| |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| 
    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
    |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é 
    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|
 
    + - + - _ : : : + + +++ + + + + + + + + + ++ * *+ * + + + - + - _ : : : + 
    + +++ + + + + + + + + + ++ * *+ * + + + - + - _ : : : + + +++ + + + + + + 
    + + + ++ * *+ * + + + - + - _ : : : + + +++ + + + + + + + + + ++ * *+ * + 
    + + - + - _ : : : +
|q|u|i|e|n |e|l| |«|m|e|n|s|a|j|e|-|r|e|l|o|j|»| |
    s|i|g|n|i|f|i|c|a| |o|tr|a| |co|s|a.| |Pe|r|o| s|i| e|s|t|o |e
|s| |a|s|í|,| |ta|m|p|o|co| |e|s |c|i|er|t|o |q|u|e ||||l|||||a 
    |a|c|ci|ó|n| s|o|b|re| |la| |fo|r|ma| |y| s|o|br|e| |el| |co|n|te|n|id|o| d|e|l |m
|e|ns|a|j|e |p|ue|da| |mo|d|i|fi|c|ar|. 
    |a| q|u|ie|n| l|o| |r|ec|i|be|;| d|e|sd|e| e|l| m|o|me|n|to| |en| q|u|e |q|ui|en| |r|eci|b|e
| e|l| m|e|ns|a|je| |pa|r|ec|e| 
    |te|n|er| |un|a| l|ib|e|rt|ad| |re|s|id|u|a|l|: |l|a |d|e |l|ee|r|lo| |de| |mo|d|o |di|f|er|e|n|t
|e|. |H|e |d|ic|ho| |«|di|fe|r|en|t|e»| |
    y| |n|o |«|eq|u|i|vo|c|ad|o|».| |U|n |b|re|v|e |e|x|a|me|n| d|e| |la| |m|ec|á|n|ic|a| |mi|s|ma| 
    d|e| |la| |c|omu|n|ic|a|c|ió|n| |no|s| |pu|e|d|e |de|c|i|r |a|lg|o| |má|s |p|re|c|i|s|o 
|so|b|r|e |e|s|t|e| 
    |a|r|g|u|m|e|n|t|o|.| L|a| ||c|ad||e|n|a| |c|o|m|u|ni
c|a|t|i|v||a |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e |u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|ue|,| |m|ed|i|a|n|t|e| 
u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|
,|
 
    |e|m|i|t|e| |u|n|a| |se|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.
 |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|na|l|
,| |

    l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e |t|r|a|n|s|f|o|r|m|a |e|n| m|e||n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l|
| |de|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|r|i|o| |a| t|r|a|vé||s
 |
    |d|e| |u|n| |r|e|c|e|p|t|||o|r|.| E|s|t|a| |c|a|d|e|n|a |d|e| c|o|m|u|ni|c|a|c|i|ó|n|
 ||no|r|m|a|l| |pr|e|v|é| |na|tu|r|a|l|m|en|t|e| 
    |l|e|e|r|l|o| |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| 
    |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| 
    |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| 
    d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| 
    |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| 
    L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| 
    |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| 
    |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| |A|l| 
    |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| 
    |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
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  |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
  |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
  |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
  u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
  |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
  |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| 
  |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| 
  |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a 
  |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|"|
    |l|e|e|r|l|o| 
  |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
  |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
  |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
  |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
  u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
  |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
  |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| 
  |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| 
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  |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|"|ifican 
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  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
  |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
  u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
  |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
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  |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
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  |a| |q|u|i|e|n| |l|o| |r|e|c|i|be|;| |d|es|d|e|
 
  
    
    
     
  
  
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  |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| 
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  |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| 
  L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| 
  |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| 
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  |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| 
  |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| 
  |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a 
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  |a| |q|u|i|e|n| |l|o| |r|e|c|i|be|;| |d|es|d|e| |el| |m|o|m|e|n|t|o| |e|n| |q|u|e| 
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  |l|i|b|e|r|t|a|d| |r|e|s|i|d|u|a|l|:| |l|a| |d|e| |l|e|e|r|l|o| |d|e| |m|o|d|o 
  |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| |y| 
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  |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
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  |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a 
  |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|"| 
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  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n
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  |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|"||n| |s|o|b|r|e| |l|a| |f|o|r|m|a| |y| |s|o|b|r|e| |e|l| 
  |c|o|n|t|e|n|i|d|o| |d|e|l| |m|e|n|s|a|j|e| |p|u|e|d|a| |m|o|d|i|f|i|c|a|r| 
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  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
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  |a| |q|u|i|e|n| |l|o| |r|e|c|i|be|;| |d|es|d|e|
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  |p|ar|e|c|e| t|e|n|e|r| |u|n|a| |l|i|b|e|r|t|a|d| |r|e|s|i|d|u|a|l|:| |l|a| 
  |d|e| |l|e|e|r|l|o| |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
  |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
  |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
  |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
  u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
  |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
  |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| 
  |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| 
  |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a 
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  |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
  |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
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  |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
  |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| 
  |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| 
  |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a 
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 |y| |s|o|b|r|e| |e|l| |c|o|nt|e|n|i|d|o|
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|; |d|e|s|d|e |e|l| |m|o|me|n||t|o| |e|n| |q|u||e| q||u|ie||n
 
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 E|s|t|a 
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    |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n 
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    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
    |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é 
    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|||l|e|e|r|l|o| 
    |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
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    |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
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    |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| 
    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
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    |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o
 
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    |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| 
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  |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.| |H|e| |d|i|c|h|o| |«|d|i|f|e|r|e|n|t|e|»| 
  |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
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  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
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  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|na| |d|e |c|o|m|u|n|i|ca|c|i|ó|n| 
  |no|r|m|a|l| p|r|e|v|é |n|a|t|ur|a|l|m|e|n|te| |l|a |p|r|e|se|n|c|i|a 
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  |d|e| |un| |r|u|id|o|"|ifican 
    |y| |n|o| |«|e|q|ui|v|o|c|a|d|o|»|.| |U|n| |b|r|e|v|e| |e|x|a|m|e|n 
  |d|e| |l|a| |m|e|c|á|n|i|c|a| |m|i|s|m|a| d|e| |l|a| |c|o||||m|u|n|i||c|a|c|i|ó|n| 
  |n|o|s| |p|u|e|d|e| |d|e|c|i|r| |a|l|g|o |m|á|s| p|re|c|i|s|o |s|o|b|r|e| 
  |e|st|e| |a|rg|u|m|e|n|to|.| L|a| |ca|d|en|a| |c|o|m|u|n|i|c|a|t|i|v|a| |p|r|e|s|u|p|o|n|e| 
  u|n|a| |f|u|e|n|t|e| |q|u|e|,| |m|e|d|i|a|n|t|e| |u|n| |t|r|a|n|s|m|i|s|o|r|,| 
  |e|m|i|te| |u|n|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
  |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| 
  |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
  t|r|a|v|és| |d|e| u|n| |r|ec|e|p|t|o|r.| |E|st|a| |ca|d|e|a| |t|r|a|v|é|s| |d|e| |u|n |c|a|n|a|l|.| 
  |A|l| |e|x|t|r|e|m|o| |d|e|l| |c|a|n|a|l|,| |l|a| |s|e|ñ|a|l| |s|e| |t|ra|n|s|f|o|r|m|a| 
  |e|n| |m|e|n|s|aj|e| |p|a|r|a| |u|s|o| |d|e|l| |d|e|s|t|i|n|a|t|a|ri|o| |a| 
"|n| |s|o|b|r|e| |l|a| |f|o|r|m|a| |y| |s|o|b|r|e| |e|l| 
  |c|o|n|t|e|n|i|d|o| |d|e|l| |m|e|n|s|a|j|e| |p|u|e|d|a| |m|o|d|i|f|i|c|a|r| 
  |a| |q|u|i|e|n| |l|o| |r|e|c|i|be|;| |d|es|d|e| 
  |el| |m|o|m|e|n|t|o| |e|n| |q|u|e| |q|u|i|e|n| |r|e|c|i|b|e| |e|l| |m|e|n|s|a|j|e| 
  |p|ar|e|c|e| t|e|n|e|r| |u|n|a| |l|i|b|e|r|t|a|d| |r|e|s|i|d|u|a|l|:| |l|a| 
  |d|e| |l|e|e|r|l|o| |d|e| |m|o|d|o |d|i|f|e|re|n|t|e|.